The day is coming when a plant in your garden will be able to feed you or deliver medicinal properties, and we don’t have to worry about it running out.

Companion planting is a gardening technique that uses plants in close proximity to each other. The idea is to use different plants for the purpose of cross-pollination and pest control. This article discusses some companion planting ideas for a universal garden layout.

There’s a good possibility you have a variety of plants in your garden. Instead of rows upon rows of corn or beets, you may want to stock up on tomatoes, herbs, and onions to use in the kitchen. Many of them make excellent companion plants.

Many plants, fortunately, get along well with one another and may improve your garden in a variety of ways. This isn’t a new practice. According to archeological data, it dates back thousands of years. Nature, of course, knew what was going on long before people did.

Even today, it’s a great way to increase productivity and improve plant health. We’ll go over some practical strategies for getting the most out of your crop, as well as some suggestions for matching garden companions.


1. Get Your Marinara Sauce Started with Tomato, Garlic, and Basil


It goes without saying that these three plants taste well together. But the narrative isn’t only about that delicious truth. Garlic and basil both help tomatoes grow by warding off pests. One of the reasons companion plant concepts are so valuable is because of this. Garlic will keep red spider mites at bay in this scenario. Mosquitoes and flies will be deterred by the scented basil.

And it’s even better if one of these companion plants adds some taste to our tomatoes!

2. Cabbage, onions, and beets Oh, my goodness!


Because of their similar development tendencies, these three plants work well together. Because of their stronger odors, onions and cabbage also help the beets repel four-legged pests. To prevent onion maggots from destroying a row of plants, grow beets or cabbage between the onions.

3. Marigolds, Marigolds, Marigolds, Marigolds, Marigolds, Marigold


Marigolds, such as pot marigold, make great garden additions and are a clever method to keep pests like deer and rabbits away from your plants. It is seldom damaged, according to the Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station Cooperative Extension. That’s a good thing, because it’ll add some much-needed color to a country garden.

4. Corn and Beans Go Together Perfectly


Here’s one of our favorite ideas for a companion plant. It’s nature’s perfect illustration of a win-win scenario. Because of the beans’ nitrogen-fixing properties, the corn benefits. Approximately 80% of the air we breathe is nitrogen. Plants, too, need it. Some people, however, are unable to convert this vitamin into a form that they can utilize.

Nitrogen-fixing bacteria dwell within the root networks of legumes like beans. These organisms perform the hard work and generate a nitrogen-based fertilizer that plants like maize can utilize. When you combine the two, it’s almost as if you’re fertilizing your maize! So, what do the beans get out of it? A convenient stem to grow on!


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Radishes and carrots may help you find your roots.


Both of these plants thrive in the early stages of growth. If the weather cooperates, you may be able to get a few batches to last you through the season. Each utilizes a different section of the soil, which is beneficial in ensuring that everyone receives their fair amount. These two root veggies will aerate the soil, which will benefit your whole garden. To keep the carrot flies at bay, we recommend adding some leeks to the mix.

6. Use Cucumber to Defend Against Raccoons


Raccoons are not kind to gardeners, despite their attractive black masks. That isn’t even taking into account the danger they pose to pets and young children. Adding a cucumber plant to your garden, particularly if you have corn, is one method to keep them out. You may also shield cucumbers from pests by sowing radish seeds near them. It’ll also keep ants away.

7. Make a Strawberry-Lettuce Salad in the Summer


With the contrast of the brilliant greens against the ruby red strawberries, this planting is a visual feast. In the garden, the berries might be a little overbearing. However, this isn’t a terrible thing. They may be used as a nice lettuce cover crop. You may also use them to benefit asparagus by planting them around it. Weeds will struggle to establish themselves among the growing strawberry bushes.


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8. Cantaloupe and Sunflowers: Short Meets Tall


The secret to this companion plant combination is the varied growth patterns. The cantaloupe expands around the sunflowers, giving the essential cover to keep weeds at bay. The blossoms occupy a minimal amount of area, allowing the fruit to spread out as it pleases. Sunflowers, with their deep roots, may also enhance the health of your soil by aerating it.

9. Use Deer-Resistant Ferns to Protect Your Hostas


Hostas are a wonderful complement to any landscaping scheme. They’re simple to grow and divide, so you can constantly refilling your supply. Unfortunately, ravenous deer and rabbits find them delectable as well. Plants that are deer resistant, such as cinnamon or Christmas fern, may be lovely additions to your shade garden. Herbs such as catnip or horehound might help cement the deal.

10. Get Your Ratatouille Started with Eggplant and Peppers


With its delectable blend of onions, tomatoes, and zucchini, ratatouille is perhaps the best way to enjoy summer. Two more components, eggplant and peppers, are BBF in the garden, which is fortunate. To avoid bests and get a good start on the flavoring for both of these veggies, add a basil plant to the grouping.

11. It’s as if peas and carrots were thrown together.


When Forrest Gump is a fictional character created by Forrest Gump commented about the close linkages between peas and carrots, he understood what he was talking about. In the garden, it’s also a natural. Each has a similar growth season, favoring the colder beginnings and ends of the growing season. Everyone is also mindful of their garden etiquette. Mint or chives may be added to both to give them a little more taste. They will also be protected against aphids by the latter.



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12. Garnish with parsley.


Parsley is a plant’s closest companion in almost any situation. It may offer a lovely mild taste to potatoes, tomatoes, and asparagus when used as a herb. It’s a little biennial that won’t take up much space in your garden. It’s also a beautiful garnish and an important component of a bouquet garni. Other bouquet garni staples, such as thyme and bay leaves, may be used to round out the combination.

If you only use herbs rarely, growing them is a sensible idea that will save you money on your food bill.

13. Use Potatoes to Say It


Potatoes have a lot of garden friends, so cultivating these tubers is a no-brainer. Cabbage family members, as well as maize and beans, go nicely together. To defend the potatoes from pests, grow a few of horseradish plants. Adding alyssum to your garden is another of our tried-and-true companion plant suggestions. It will attract insects that may aid in the control of pests.

14. Strengthen Your Pest Control Arsenal


Pesticides are sometimes a necessary evil if you want a crop. You do, however, have other possibilities, which are useful companion plants. Marigold, basil, and catnip are just a handful of the fragrant plants we’ve discussed. Other herbs to consider are cilantro, lemon balm, lavender, and rosemary, to name a few.

Keep in mind that the essential oils from these plants may make their way to the fruits and vegetables growing on the vine. This can have a positive or negative impact on their flavor. This effect has been seen in wines made from Australian grapes.



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15. Add Onion Flavor to Your Chard


We all know that eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables is the greatest way to receive enough of all the nutrients we need. Companion plant ideas provide you extra ways to add taste to food that may not be high on your family’s list of favorites. One of these combinations that works well is chard and onion.

The onion gives the gathered greens a subtle flavor while also keeping insects away from the leaves. Other possibilities include chives or garlic, both of which have insect-controlling properties.

Companion Plants: Some Final Thoughts

Because of the advantages of each plant, many combinations work well together. Aromatic cultivars or a ground cover to prevent weed infestations may provide pest control for some. Others, such as nitrogen-fixing legumes, provide essential nutrients. Some partnerships work because they take care of one other in the same way. Companion plant ideas are great since they bring interest to your landscape and make it a stunning focal point.

Companion planting is a method of growing plants in close proximity to one another. The idea behind companion planting is that the plants will help each other grow, and also provide some protection against pests. Printable companion planting charts are available online for those who want to plant their garden according to this practice. Reference: printable companion planting chart.

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